Because Forensic Science has such a huge scope, it is a must for every forensic scientist to have a degree and major in a particular field. People commonly just use the word “Criminalistics” to refer to it however that is such a broad and all encompassing term. As doctors have specializations because being simply a “doctor” is too big a term and it is impossible for a single person (no matter how intelligent) to know about everything that there is to know about every part of the human body, so must a forensic scientist choose his or her specialization in order to be an expert in that particular field. Of course, it is still a must to know about the other fields but there is a particular field that every forensic scientist must major in. These are the forensic science major choices available as of today.
Being a crime laboratory analyst is a forensic scientist degree that you can go for. It involves analyzing, evaluating and categorizing pieces of evidence that are physical in nature. This is done with the use of scientific methodology. In order to become a crime laboratory analyst, you need a bachelor’s degree and in some cases, even a master’s degree. One of the universities that offer a program is the Indiana University. They offer a forensic science major for those who want to become a forensic scientist.
Forensic Engineering is another forensic science major that you can choose to take should you have a talent for electronics. Even this branch of forensic science is broken down into several branches. You can be an electrical engineer, a traffic engineer, a mechanical engineer – all of which are useful in analyzing a wide array of evidence pertaining to a crime.
Medical examiners are crucial in the search for truth during a crime. No wonder that it is a forensic science major that requires higher education compared to the others. For one, you need at least seven years of training plus additional years of internship. As a medical examiner, you will perform autopsy to the dead victim and you must determine what caused the death as well as the approximate time that the killing occurred.
If you would rather be out in the streets and in the actual crime scene, then crime scene investigation must be the forensic science major that you should choose. Unlike the others who are locked in a laboratory, you are actually present during the drama of the crime scene, gathering evidence that may be useful. In order to become a crime scene investigator, you will need a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice, hard sciences as well as other related field. The University of Central Oklahoma offers a degree in this field.
Forensic science has such a huge scope that it is a must for a forensic scientist to have a degree and master in specific ones in order to be more effective in solving a crime.